CentOS7 OpenLDAP简单搭建

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1、安装ldap服务
[root@ldap ~]# yum install -y openldap-servers openldap-clients
[root@ldap ~]# cp /usr/share/openldap-servers/DB_CONFIG.example /var/lib/ldap/DB_CONFIG
[root@ldap ~]# chown ldap. /var/lib/ldap/DB_CONFIG
[root@ldap ~]# systemctl start slapd
[root@ldap ~]# systemctl enable slapd
2、配置ldap服务
# 生成管理员密码
[root@ldap ~]# slappasswd 
New password:
Re-enter new password:
{SSHA}xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
[root@ldap ~]# vim chrootpw.ldif
# specify the password generated above for "olcRootPW" section
dn: olcDatabase={0}config,cn=config
changetype: modify
add: olcRootPW
olcRootPW: {SSHA}xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
[root@ldap ~]# ldapadd -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f chrootpw.ldif 
SASL/EXTERNAL authentication started
SASL username: gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,cn=auth
SASL SSF: 0
modifying entry "olcDatabase={0}config,cn=config"
3、导入基本模式
[root@ldap ~]# ldapadd -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f /etc/openldap/schema/cosine.ldif 
SASL/EXTERNAL authentication started
SASL username: gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,cn=auth
SASL SSF: 0
adding new entry "cn=cosine,cn=schema,cn=config"
[root@ldap ~]# ldapadd -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f /etc/openldap/schema/nis.ldif 
SASL/EXTERNAL authentication started
SASL username: gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,cn=auth
SASL SSF: 0
adding new entry "cn=nis,cn=schema,cn=config"
[root@ldap ~]# ldapadd -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f /etc/openldap/schema/inetorgperson.ldif 
SASL/EXTERNAL authentication started
SASL username: gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,cn=auth
SASL SSF: 0
adding new entry "cn=inetorgperson,cn=schema,cn=config"
4、在ldap的DB中设置域名
# 生成目录管理者密码
[root@ldap ~]# slappasswd 
New password:
Re-enter new password:
{SSHA}xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
[root@ldap ~]# vim chdomain.ldif
# replace to your own domain name for "dc=***,dc=***" section
# specify the password generated above for "olcRootPW" section
 dn: olcDatabase={1}monitor,cn=config
changetype: modify
replace: olcAccess
olcAccess: {0}to * by dn.base="gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,cn=auth"
  read by dn.base="cn=Manager,dc=jumpserver,dc=tk" read by * none
dn: olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config
changetype: modify
replace: olcSuffix
olcSuffix: dc=jumpserver,dc=tk
dn: olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config
changetype: modify
replace: olcRootDN
olcRootDN: cn=Manager,dc=jumpserver,dc=tk
dn: olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config
changetype: modify
add: olcRootPW
olcRootPW: {SSHA}xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
dn: olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config
changetype: modify
add: olcAccess
olcAccess: {0}to attrs=userPassword,shadowLastChange by
  dn="cn=Manager,dc=jumpserver,dc=tk" write by anonymous auth by self write by * none
olcAccess: {1}to dn.base="" by * read
olcAccess: {2}to * by dn="cn=Manager,dc=jumpserver,dc=tk" write by * read
[root@ldap ~]# ldapmodify -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f chdomain.ldif 
SASL/EXTERNAL authentication started
SASL username: gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,cn=auth
SASL SSF: 0
modifying entry "olcDatabase={1}monitor,cn=config"
modifying entry "olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config"
modifying entry "olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config"
modifying entry "olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config"
[root@ldap ~]# vim basedomain.ldif
# replace to your own domain name for "dc=***,dc=***" section
 dn: dc=jumpserver,dc=tk
objectClass: top
objectClass: dcObject
objectclass: organization
o: Server tk
dc: jumpserver
dn: cn=Manager,dc=jumpserver,dc=tk
objectClass: organizationalRole
cn: Manager
description: Directory Manager
dn: ou=People,dc=jumpserver,dc=tk
objectClass: organizationalUnit
ou: People
dn: ou=Group,dc=jumpserver,dc=tk
objectClass: organizationalUnit
ou: Group
[root@ldap ~]# ldapadd -x -D cn=Manager,dc=jumpserver,dc=tk -W -f basedomain.ldif 
Enter LDAP Password: # directory manager's password
adding new entry "dc=jumpserver,dc=tk"
adding new entry "cn=Manager,dc=jumpserver,dc=tk"
adding new entry "ou=People,dc=jumpserver,dc=tk"
adding new entry "ou=Group,dc=jumpserver,dc=tk"
5、开放端口
# firewall-cmd --add-service=ldap --permanent 
success  
# firewall-cmd --reload   
success  
6、添加一个用户
# 生成用户密码
[root@ldap ~]# slappasswd 
New password:
Re-enter new password:
{SSHA}xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
[root@ldap ~]# vi ldapuser.ldif
# create new
# replace to your own domain name for "dc=***,dc=***" section
 dn: uid=test,ou=People,dc=jumpserver,dc=tk
objectClass: inetOrgPerson
objectClass: posixAccount
objectClass: shadowAccount
cn: test
sn: Linux
userPassword: {SSHA}xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
loginShell: /bin/bash
uidNumber: 1000
gidNumber: 1000
homeDirectory: /home/test
dn: cn=test,ou=Group,dc=jumpserver,dc=tk
objectClass: posixGroup
cn: test
gidNumber: 1000
memberUid: test
[root@ldap ~]# ldapadd -x -D cn=Manager,dc=jumpserver,dc=tk -W -f ldapuser.ldif 
Enter LDAP Password:
adding new entry "uid=test,ou=People,dc=jumpserver,dc=tk"
adding new entry "cn=test,ou=Group,dc=jumpserver,dc=tk"

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